Formation of Possible Territorial Groups as a Strategic Guide to Socio-Economic Development of Agricultural Territories (in the Example of the Municipal District of the Zhytomyr Region)

  • Volodymyr Zakharchenko Cherkasy State Technological University
Keywords: decentralization reform, local self-government, territorial community (capable, united), district (central, old-town), rural territory.

Abstract

It is shown that in Ukraine the network of territorial communities is too shredded, and therefore rather costly, in particular, in terms of spending on the management and maintenance of social infrastructure. Accordingly, the task of building an effective system of territorial organization of power and the formation of capable (in the economic and social sense) of territorial communities is relevant. It is noted that the official methodology for the formation (association) of territorial communities should be adjusted in such a way that united communities do not cover the whole area, otherwise it will greatly complicate the provision of public services, in particular emergency ones. To optimize the networks of schools, hospitals and other institutions, it is proposed to introduce criteria for the allocation in the combined territorial communities of the capable central and pastoral districts. A scientific approach has been applied to correct «distortions» in the formation of capable territorial communities, which should ensure the creation of optimal communities. The difficulties with the formation of united territorial communities, which are primarily related to the financial and economic weakness of village and settlement councils, in particular those where industrial enterprises were liquidated under market conditions, were noted. The forecast of the network of territorial communities of Chudnovsky district of Zhytomyr region is presented, taking into account their socioeconomic capacity. The reasons for the formation of «white spots» on the map of the combined territorial communities of the Chudnovsky district were revealed. Formation of capable territorial communities is defined as a strategically important direction of socio-economic development of rural territories. For specific territorial communities, prospective directions of strengthening of their economic base and preservation and improvement of networks of social infrastructure objects are indicated. The conclusion is made of the need for active participation of state bodies in the economic revival of territorial communities.

References

Pro skhvalennia Kontseptsii reformuvannia mistsevoho samovriaduvannia ta terytorialnoi orhanizatsii vlady v Ukraini: rozporiadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 01.04.2014 № 333-r. [On Approval of the Concept of Reforming Local Self-Government and Territorial Organization of Power in Ukraine: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 01.04.2014 No. 333-r]. Retrieved from: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/ 333-2014-%D1%80/ [in Ukrainian].

Kolomiiets, I. F., Pelekhatyi, A. O. (2017). Teoretyko-praktychni aspekty formuvannia obiednanykh terytorialnykh hromad v Ukraini [Theoretical and practical aspects of the formation of united territorial communities in Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 4, 46–55 [in Ukrainian].

Pelekhatyy, A. O. (2016). Specific features of formation of self-sufficient combined communities in Ukraine. Rehionalna ekonomika, 4, 15–21.

Oliinyk, Ya. B., Ostapenko, P. O. (2016). Formuvannia spromozhnykh terytorialnykh hromad v Ukraini: perevahy, ryzyky, zahrozy [Formation of Possessing Territorial Communities in Ukraine: Benefits, Risks, Threats]. Ukrainskyi heohrafichnyi zhurnal – Ukrainian Geographic Journal, 4, 37–43 [in Ukrainian].

Savchuk, D. M. (2018). Tendentsii ta chynnyky ekonomichnoho i sotsialnoho rozvytku hromad v umovakh administratyvno-terytorialnoi reformy [Status and Problems of the Formation of Capable Territorial Communities in Ukraine]. Ekonomichnyi forum – Economic forum, 1, 91–96 [in Ukrainian].

Khandii, O. O. (2016). Stan ta problemy formuvannia spromozhnykh terytorialnykh hromad v Ukraini [Status and Problems of the Formation of Capable Territorial Communities in Ukraine]. Stabilnist natsionalnoi ekonomiky: osnovni zahrozy ta shliakhy zabezpechennia: materialy Mizhnar. nauk.-prakt. konf., m. Dnipropetrovsk, 3–4 chervnia 2016 r. – Stability of the National Economy: Main Threats and Ways of Provision: Materials International. science-practice Conf., Dnipropetrovsk, June 3–4, 2016]. Dnipropetrovsk: NO «Perspektyva», 2, 55–58 [in Ukrainian].

Hanushchak, Yu. I. (2013). Reforma terytorialnoi orhanizatsii vlady [Reform of the territorial organization of power]. Kyiv: TOV «Sofiia-A» [in Ukrainian].

Pro dobrovilne obiednannia terytorialnykh hromad (2013): Zakon Ukrainy vid 05.02.2015 № 157-VIII [On Voluntary Association of Territorial Communities: Law of Ukraine of 05.02.2015 № 157-VIII]. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy – Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 13, 91. Retrieved from: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/157-19 [in Ukrainian].

Metodyka formuvannia spromozhnykh terytorialnykh hromad: zatv. postanovoiu Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 01.04.2015 № 333 [Methodology for the formation of capable territorial communities: approved by the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 01.04.2015 No. 333]. Retrieved from: http://www. minregion.gov.ua/attachments/content-attachments/4220/Metodyka%20formuvannia%20spromozhnykh% 20terytorialnykh%20hromad.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine (2018) Monitorynh protsesu detsentralizatsii vlady ta reformuvannia mistsevoho samovriaduvannia stanom na 10 travnia 2018 [Monitoring of the process of decentralization of power and reform of local self-government as October 10, 2018]. Kyiv. Retrieved from: https://storage.decentralization.gov.ua/uploads/library/file/318/ 10.10.2018.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Perspektyvnyi plan formuvannia terytorii hromad Zhytomyrskoi oblasti: zatverdzheno rozporiadzhenniam Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 12.08.2015 № 901 (v redaktsii rozporiadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 01.02.2017 № 58-r) [Perspective plan for the formation of the territories of communities of Zhytomyr region: approved by the order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 12.08.2015 No. 901 (as amended by the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 01.02.2017 No. 58-p)]. Retrieved from: http://oda. zt.gov.ua/perspektivnij-plan-formuvannya-teritorij-gromad-zhitomirskoi-0blasti/ [in Ukrainian].
Published
2018-12-13